Disolving Boundaries

They were placed on your computer when you launched this website. You can change your cookie settings through your browser. Open Advanced Search. DeepDyve requires Javascript to function. Please enable Javascript on your browser to continue. Dissolving boundaries: social technologies and participation in design Dissolving boundaries: social technologies and participation in design Hagen, Penny; Robertson, Toni Dissolving boundaries: social technologies and participation in design Penny Hagen Faculty of Engineering and IT University of Technology, Sydney penny smallfire.

Dissolving boundaries: social Disolving Boundaries and participation in design Hagen, Penny ; Robertson, Toni. Association for Computing Machinery — Nov 23, Read Article. Download PDF. Share Full Text for Free. Web of Science. Dissolving boundaries: social technologies and participation in design Dissolving boundaries: social technologies and participation in design Penny Hagen Faculty of Engineering and IT University of Technology, Sydney penny smallfire.

In this paper we ground our discussion through a review of current trends in research and industry. By observing current shifts in practice it is our intention to contribute to a better understanding of the nature of participation and design in the context of social technologies. This is not an exhaustive review, but rather provides a filtered view of trends and concepts that we have observed in the course of our own research and that we hope will be useful to other researchers and practitioners.

If you Disolving Boundaries to do anything with the data or plot using ggplot you need to recreate the data frame. To leave a comment for the author, please follow the link and comment on their blog: rstats — philmikejones. Want to share your content on R-bloggers?

Never miss Disolving Boundaries update! Subscribe to R-bloggers to receive e-mails with the latest R posts. Tonsils only present as "white lumps" if they are inflamed or infected with symptoms of exudates pus drainage and severe swelling. Tonsillitis is an inflammation of the tonsils and will often, but not necessarily, cause a sore throat and fever. In chronic cases tonsillectomy may be indicated.

The palatine tonsils are located in the isthmus of the fauces Disolving Boundaries, between the palatoglossal arch and the palatopharyngeal arch of the soft palate. The palatine tonsil is one of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues MALTlocated at the entrance to the upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts to protect the body from the entry of exogenous material through mucosal sites. In consequence it is a site of, and potential focus for, infections, and is one of the chief immunocompetent tissues in the oropharynx.

It forms part of the Waldeyer's ringwhich comprises the adenoidthe paired tubal tonsilsthe paired palatine tonsils and the lingual tonsils. From the pharyngeal side, they are covered with a stratified squamous epitheliumwhereas a fibrous capsule links them to the wall of the pharynx. Through the capsule pass trabecules that contain small blood vessels, nerves and lymphatic vessels.

These trabecules divide the tonsil into lobules. The nerves supplying the palatine tonsils come from the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve via the lesser palatine nerves, and from the tonsillar branches of the glossopharyngeal nerve.

This nerve is most likely to be damaged during a tonsillectomywhich leads to reduced or lost general sensation and taste sensation to the posterior third of the tongue. Blood supply is provided by tonsillar branches of five arteries: the dorsal lingual artery of the lingual arteryascending palatine artery of the facial arterytonsillar branch of the facial arteryascending pharyngeal artery of the external carotid arteryand the lesser palatine artery a branch of the descending palatine arteryitself a branch of the maxillary artery.

The tonsils venous drainage is by the peritonsillar plexuswhich drain into the lingual and pharyngeal veins, which in turn drain into the internal jugular vein. Palatine tonsils consist of approximately 15 crypts, which result in a large internal surface.

The tonsils contain four lymphoid compartments that influence immune functions, namely the reticular crypt epitheliumthe extrafollicular area, the mantle zones of lymphoid follicles, Disolving Boundaries the follicular germinal centers.

In human palatine tonsils, the very first part exposed to the outside environment is tonsillar epithelium. Tonsillar relating to palatine tonsil B cells can mature to produce all the five major Immunoglobulin Ig, aka antibody classes. Furthermore, when incubated in vitro with either mitogens or specific antigensthey produce specific antibodies against diphtheria toxoidpoliovirusStreptococcus pneumoniaeHaemophilus influenzaeStaphylococcus aureusand the lipopolysaccharide of E.

Most Immunoglobulin A produced by tonsillar B cells in vitro appears to be 7S monomers, although a significant proportion may be l0S dimeric IgA. In addition to humoral immunity elicited by tonsillar and adenoidal B cells following antigenic stimulation, there is considerable T-cell response in palatine tonsils.

Thus, natural infection or intranasal immunization with live, attenuated rubella virus vaccine has been reported to prime tonsillar lymphocytes much better than subcutaneous vaccination.

Also, natural infection with varicella zoster virus has been found to stimulate tonsillar lymphocytes better than lymphocytes from peripheral blood. Cytokines are humoral immunomodulatory proteins or glycoproteins which control or modulate the activities of target cells, resulting in gene activation, leading to mitotic division, growth and differentiation, migration, or apoptosis.

They are produced by wide range of cell types upon antigen-specific and non-antigen specific stimuli. It has been reported by many studies that the clinic outcome of many infectious, autoimmuneor malignant diseases appears to be influenced by the overall balance of production profiles of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines.

Therefore, determination of cytokine profiles in tonsil study will provide key information for further in-depth analysis of the cause and underlying mechanisms of these disorders, as well as the role and possible interactions between the T- and B-lymphocytes and other immunocompetent cells. The cytokine network represents a very sophisticated and versatile regulatory system that is essential to the immune system for overcoming the various defense strategies of microorganisms.

Through several studies, the Th1 and Th2 cytokines and cytokine mRNA are both detectable in tonsillar hypertrophy or obstructive sleep apneaOSA and recurrent tonsillitis groups.

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And finally, plot the data. Note that when you dissolve, the column used to perform the dissolve becomes an index for the resultant geodataframe. This will return an error as region is no longer a column, it is an index! In the example above, you dissolved the state level polygons to a region level. However, you did not aggregate or summarize the attributes associated with each Disolving Boundaries. Next, you will learn how to aggregate quantitative values in your attribute table when you perform a dissolve.

To do this, you will add. We'll do our best to fix them. Check all that apply - Please note that only the first page is available if you have not selected a reading option after clicking "Read Article".

Include any more information that will help us locate the issue and fix it faster for you. Practitioners and researchers alike are starting to encounter the limited capacity of existing Interaction Design methods to account for the new social spaces of technology design e. Rather than suggesting a diminished role for user-focused methods, we take the position that it is as always, about asking what kinds of design methods are appropriate in this context.

In this paper we hope to contribute to a discussion on the nature of participation in the context of social technologies. Robertson et al. Continue with Facebook. Sign up with Google. Log in with Microsoft. Bookmark this article. You can see your Bookmarks on your DeepDyve Library. Tonsillitis is an inflammation of the tonsils and will often, but not necessarily, cause a sore throat and fever. In chronic cases tonsillectomy may be indicated.

The palatine tonsils are located in the isthmus of the fauces Disolving Boundaries, between the palatoglossal arch and the palatopharyngeal arch of the soft palate. The palatine tonsil is one of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues MALTlocated at the entrance to the upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts to protect the body from the entry of exogenous material through mucosal sites. In consequence it is a site of, and potential focus for, infections, and is one of the chief immunocompetent tissues in the oropharynx.

It forms part of the Waldeyer's ringwhich comprises the adenoidthe paired tubal tonsilsthe paired palatine tonsils and the lingual tonsils. From the pharyngeal side, they are covered with a stratified squamous epitheliumwhereas a fibrous capsule links them to the wall of the pharynx. Through the capsule pass trabecules that contain small blood vessels, nerves and lymphatic vessels.

These trabecules divide the tonsil into lobules. The nerves supplying the palatine tonsils come from the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve via the lesser palatine nerves, and from the tonsillar branches of the glossopharyngeal nerve. This nerve is most likely to be damaged during a tonsillectomywhich leads to reduced or lost general sensation and taste sensation to the posterior third of the tongue.

Blood supply is provided by tonsillar branches of five arteries: the dorsal lingual artery of the lingual Disolving Boundariesascending palatine artery of the facial arterytonsillar branch of the facial arteryascending pharyngeal artery of the external carotid arteryand the lesser palatine artery a branch of the descending palatine arteryitself a branch of the maxillary artery.

The tonsils venous drainage is by the peritonsillar plexuswhich drain into the lingual and pharyngeal veins, which in turn drain into the internal jugular vein. Palatine tonsils consist of approximately 15 crypts, which result in a large internal surface. The tonsils contain four lymphoid compartments that influence immune functions, namely the reticular crypt epitheliumthe extrafollicular area, the mantle zones of lymphoid follicles, and the follicular germinal centers.

In human palatine tonsils, the very first part exposed to the outside environment is tonsillar Disolving Boundaries. Tonsillar relating to palatine tonsil B cells can mature to produce all the five major Immunoglobulin Ig, aka antibody classes. Furthermore, when incubated in vitro with either mitogens or specific antigensthey produce specific antibodies against diphtheria toxoidpoliovirusStreptococcus pneumoniaeHaemophilus influenzaeStaphylococcus aureusand the lipopolysaccharide of E.

Most Immunoglobulin A produced by tonsillar B cells in vitro appears Disolving Boundaries be 7S monomers, although a significant proportion may be l0S dimeric IgA.

In addition to humoral immunity elicited by tonsillar and adenoidal B cells following antigenic stimulation, there is considerable T-cell response in palatine tonsils. Thus, natural infection or intranasal immunization with live, attenuated rubella virus vaccine has been reported to prime tonsillar lymphocytes much better than subcutaneous vaccination. Also, natural infection with varicella zoster virus has been found to stimulate tonsillar lymphocytes better than lymphocytes from peripheral blood.

We should end up with one row per zone to dissolve, each with a reference for the relevant larger geography. I think the trick is to make sure the row Disolving Boundaries match exactly, and if you can match the polygon IDs as well with spChFIDs.

Now we can do the dissolve. I use gUnaryUnion and indeed I think unionSpatialPolygons in the maptools package uses this by default.

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8 thoughts on “Disolving Boundaries

  1. Dissolving Boundaries represents a new genre of artistic production that blends virtual and physical elements and is meant to be experienced from home. Join real people from Jerusalem on an adventure across perspectives, passions, and divides. This groundbreaking format combines the deep listening of a podcast, the sensory delights of a care package delivered to your door, and the interactive quality of .

  2. Which boundaries are merged can be controlled by specifying one or more fields. For example, if you have a layer of counties and each county has a State_Name field, you can dissolve boundaries using the State_Name field. Adjacent counties will be merged if they have the same value for State_Name. The result is a layer of state boundaries.

  3. The traditional boundaries drawn between comparative politics and international relations are dissolving. With only a few exceptions, international relations scholars acknowledge that "domestic politics matter" and matter much. Comparative politics scholars likewise recognize with .

  4. Aug 29,  · Dissolving Boundaries BY AAHANA DUDANI The following piece received 2nd place in the Writing (Preclinical) section of The Auricle’s Writing and Visual Art Competition and is responding to the prompt “Where the art of medicine is loved, there is a love of humanity.”.

  5. Oct 31,  · The phrase “dissolving boundaries” — though not a direct reference to the larger issues in the series — provides a sense of breaking down those cultural walls the lines, the categories, the boxes we use to keep ourselves separated. This series has gone to the top of my favorite books of all time blueskyservices.bizted Reading Time: 6 mins.

  6. Dissolving Boundaries -- Ferrante's Naples. Naples is situated on the southwest coast of Italy and is the setting for Elena Ferrante's electrifying inquiry into friendship and a rough, post-WWII neighborhood of working class Naples. Her Neapolitan Novel series includes My Brilliant Friend, The Story of a New Name, Those Who Leave and Those Who Stay, and The Story of a Lost Child.

  7. Provided to YouTube by Universal Music GroupDissolving Boundaries · Anoushka ShankarLand Of Gold℗ Deutsche Grammophon GmbH, BerlinReleased on:

  8. How to Dissolve Boundaries If you need to combine counties are other boundaries to create a new layer for a region or district, this is done using the Dissolve command. Dissolve works by aggregating data with common attributes. Features with the same attribute values are merged together into a single polygon.

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