Eleanor Plunkett - An Béal Bocht - After Work (CD)

To compete at the highest level, Ireland has to seek out its talent, engage it and. The University prides itself on spreading sport to as wide a student body as possible.

Athlete David Campbell is hoping to get to the Olympics next year in the metres event. Three of the lady hockey players in the national squad are in Olympic preparation. The Academy contains two international rowers, both of whom have already rowed at the world championships. There is genuine hope that one will get to London in Internationally recognised researchers and practitioners, a world class human performance laboratory and exceptional training facilities draw Leinster rugby to the campus this season.

PJ Cunningham reports. Already there are a lot of synergies. Becoming part of an educational establishment with a strong sporting component gives players the opportunity to engage with degree programmes in a flexible way. It could be that a player wants to do as little as one module a year, but at the end of the five or six years, that would be one year of their degree out of the way, if they are doing an undergraduate degree.

Players can cut their academic cloth to suit their particular measure and then at. A case of, if you want to get to the top of your own sport, this is what Jonathan sexton and his teammates do. He knows the two sides of study and sport and would have a huge wealth of knowledge to deliver to those wanting to get to the top. Our thanks to all who submitted details, some of which are reproduced here. For more, see www. Deloitte won the award for best student marketing campaign at the gradireland Graduate Recruitment Awards We are truly delighted to be recognised at these important awards.

Deloitte is extremely committed to its graduate recruitment programme and we recognise its importance to our own future success and to that of the Irish. Recruitment of top performing graduates remains highly competitive among professional service firms. My advice and analysis on the Irish economy and banking system has been sought internationally by numerous organisations.

Since JuneI have helped to revitalise the fortunes. The agency — which recently marked its. As education sponsor of Dublin Contemporary, KPMG is proud of the fact that its support helps make art more accessible. An event on the scale of DC sends out a positive message about Dublin as a vibrant, exciting city. As a UCD graduate, I hope visitors get as much enjoyment from the event and its. I will be chairman of the worldwide disciplinary committee from January ACCA hasqualified members andregistered students in countries, and operates internationally through 83 offices and centres.

Harvard in I recently competed in the 1,yard freestyle at the New England Masters Swimming Championship in the plus age group. He taught descriptive geometry and three-dimensional geometry. In I was working for a company in Los Angeles that got. Nolan are a few of those I credit with giving me a love of history. The late s found me back in my native Limerick. I am, of course, retired now for quite some time. The writings of John Henry Newman always inspired me and one of my great delights was to witness his beatification last September.

I am sure he would be proud of the illustrious University that has. He advises international. In April he was promoted to the position of partner. He is a specialist in the areas of administrative law, constitutional law and public health law. He has significant experience in advising clients on crossborder transactions and structuring. She specialises in insurance defence litigation and her appointment has strengthened this practice area.

She advises Irish and international insurance companies and self-insured corporations in relation to all aspects of personal injuries litigation. He advises on mergers and acquisitions, venture capital, management buyouts and transactions for private and public limited companies.

He has represented numerous US and other foreign corporations in establishing their Irish operations, and is standing counsel to a number of Ireland-based multinationals across a range of industries.

He is a frequent speaker on taxation law topics. He contributed the Irish chapter of B2B e-marketplaces: A legal analysis of unfair. He specialises in healthcare law, in particular in relation to child protection, adoption, mental health, environmental health and wardship.

He has advised on public and private inquiries, consent to treatment, confidentiality, freedom of information and data protection. He previously worked in the investment funds department of another leading law firm. He is also a regular contributor to financial journals. Her particular areas of expertise. She has extensive experience in dispute resolution with a particular focus on professional liability claims, and she is a recognised expert in the area of corporate immigration.

She lectures in the Law Society and has contributed articles to various publications. She focuses on acting for secured creditors, usually financial institutions, and unsecured creditors of companies in financial distress. She routinely represents insolvency office-holders appointed to such companies in distressed situations. She is admitted as an attorney in New York, as well as a solicitor in Ireland.

Antonio Buccellato and Melissa Kelly are happy to announce their engagement. The wedding ceremony will take place in New York in May Melissa is moving to New York, and taking the bar exam. The wedding ceremony will take place in summer ! They currently reside in Dublin. It would be great to know where all our classmates from Ag Sc degree are today.

Dara Corven Joseph Lysaght. He was born on December 15, in Liverpool, and weighed 10lb, 2oz. He is a brother to Cian Joseph. He was born on April 18, in The Coombe, Dublin, and weighed 8lb. It is the story of a family prepared to sacrifice everything to achieve freedom for Ireland. A compulsive poet, Michael has published three collections of poetry to date. Face to the Wind reflects concern for the destiny of man. Celtic Fire is a considerable volume which deals with a wide range of subjects concerning Ireland in the s.

The book was published earlier this year and is available from www. Now retired, he occasionally writes for The Irish Times and other newspapers.

For more information, visit www. He worked at the Institute for Public Administration in Dublin and the Industrial Development Authority before moving to Brussels to work for the European Commission as a policy analyst from the mids until his retirement in Leaving a gift in your will extends your charitable giving beyond your lifetime.

The business training and knowledge gained are complemented by the networks that form — a result of the sharing of an intense and challenging experience. These connections are deep, lasting and of huge benefit to graduates in both their professional and personal lives. For Jim the workload came as something of a surprise. For Jim, the ready-made network that awaited him was invaluable. You are no longer labelled a CEO, an investor etc.

You are a full-time student again. A mutual respect was built up. Like a. I trust them completely. He can tap into a wealth of expertise at the highest levels through retaining. For event information and tickets, see www. ESB and turned to her former classmates when contemplating an internal move. Margaret McCarthy Mac Intyre and his four brothers and sisters. He recalls a wonderful Huckleberry Finn-type childhood, referring to his schooldays in Clane.

There would be a week off to attend the Punchestown races and a week off at Christmas to go turkey plucking, he says. Pareto was later acquired and became part of. BNY Mellon is active in corporate philanthropy. Mac Intyre believes Ireland will not need any more funding until While Ireland and other countries are reeling from the impact of the global financial crisis, the crisis has presented. In the US and the UK there are many executives, with degrees ranging from classics to engineering, running finance companies.

Mac Intyre also has words of praise. We talk to twelve successful graduates working overseas Fellow alumnus Pat Kenny delivered the citation. The Foundation Day Medal was established in and is presented to distinguished UCD graduates who have made an outstanding contribution in their field of expertise. The medal is presented to the recipient at the annual Foundation Day Dinner, held every year in November to mark the foundation of the Catholic University in The theme for the 12 Sincethe school has celebrated.

In May. Undeterred by the rain, the guests then enjoyed a tour that took in the refurbished Belfield House and its artwork. In a speech given on behalf of his fellow graduates, Sean Finlay further celebrated the continued modernisation of UCD.

The donors, primarily from the pharmaceutical sector, each fund a two-year postdoctoral fellow who has 3. It enables the University to expand the boundaries of existing knowledge and to benefit the Irish and global economy, while fostering valuable partnerships with industry and the wider community.

Of the students robed, 80 returned to Penang Medical College in Malaysia. The tours explored the new Medical School while copies of Farewell to the Terrace Eleanor Plunkett - An Béal Bocht - After Work (CD) available to remind the guests of their time as undergraduates at Earlsfort 3 Terrace. Conversations programme in February. Members of the sell-out audience asked the pair their views on a variety of subjects, including the new rules in the game, winter training and why hurling is localised.

Vice-President for Development. The pair looked back fondly on Friday night debates, bedsit living and The Canterbury Tales during the November Characters in Conversation event. Weld, who studied veterinary medicine, has saddled big-race winners across four continents, including all five Irish Classics as well as the Ascot Gold Cup, the American Derby and the prestigious Melbourne Cup. Weld remembered his time at UCD and looked back. We are delighted to welcome him back.

Please send your memories and photographs to ega ucd. Tel: 01 Our strength-in-depth, pragmatism and rigour give our business clients the edge in Ireland. Many UCD alumni it seems He will be greatly missed. Developing Belfield as a green, sustainable and modern 21st-century university is part of the overall campus master plan. Belfield House for example, purchased by UCD in the s, is remembered as a sporting location.

Murphy one of the few living artists whose work first held political office when elected is represented in the collection of the to Dublin City Council in and National Gallery of Ireland. Labour coalition government saw the Skills. He has held high office years in March. The show in in the past, most notably as the Solomon Fine Art Minister for Finance Gallery represented from to Previously Could it be the toughest job in Ireland?

It has since been renegotiated. In addition to of their seats. The former UCD athletics Paris-Sorbonne to scholars who have scholarship student takes responsibility excelled in their field. This is just the for implementing the High Performance latest in a series of accolades recognising Programme for our paralympic athletes the contribution Professor Bergin has as they prepare for the London made to the study of French history: Paralympic Games. He will also act in February he received the as Ireland athletics team manager.

He was also made leader of Fine Gael, has taken on the one silver medal. He spoke bravely and assumed name, Patrick Ireland. In her new role medicine at UCD and painted in his she is committed to eradicating tax non- spare time. He is also a Booker prizenominated author. She is Dr Valerie Bresnihan has been appointed in Ireland.

He will also examine best the first woman to be appointed to this to the Judicial Appointments Advisory anti-bullying practice here and overseas, Board by Minister for Justice Alan including the award-winning KIVA Shatter. Dr Bresnihan was previously programme in Finland. The caption Moher — and Garret FitzGerald. Totting them up I started writing this piece in early May around the time of the death of Garret as he has done since the Renaissance.

A national treasure interest in the most human is someone whose image is at once highly and idiosyncratic and highly recognisable, that list with Garret there someone whose qualities are manifest from was always a listand his one photograph.

In — from my reaction and the reaction of the it would be like that for the rest of his life — a world of angst-ridden Irish writers, with country I got a deeper insight: a national he ran the stats and acted decisively.

In my case I privilege to meet Garret, I was his for life. My six-year- life — her letters home from a kibbutz him since I was small. In the days after contribution to the state coffers.

Her writing has no airs and graces who like me had met him infrequently treasure: children are crazy about them. When the months before he died, at the launch What connects Maeve Binchy to Brian money came in she paid off her mortgage of the Dictionary of Irish Biography. I told him it was all over the place. The similarity is in the idiosyncrasy. They remains not only stoical but positively He roared laughing and said in that are too much themselves to resemble each jolly in the face of often crippling pain inimitable, high-speed, super-energetic other, but each is similarly authentic.

Tony awards? They come and go, Linehan had achieved the impossible for a but who could forget the song Soap your comedian: kept her audience and stopped Arse and Slide Backwards up a Rainbow? Irish International Rugby Player 16 Actor deadpan as ever. Our state-of-the-art glasshouse is designed to be highly energy efficient and even captures rainwater to C aroline Keeling fondly remembers her childhood on the family farm. As with its great and numerous Attorneys General, most none of us would have considered rival, the Literary and Historical Society, recently Michael McDowell.

As Mr Justice Donal truly dreadful. I have erased University of Ireland, having opened its address to the centenary dinner earlier those nights from my memory. It was, by comparison which decades of history were foisted. It aimed at the this year, there were many members of comedy sketches and, the Law Ball, serious discussion of serious subjects the society who did not become auditors the debating often secondary to intrigue, and everybody spoke as well as he but who were equally distinguished and politics and occasional romance.

There were also great debates. Belfield, Wilde debate, when the guests from the outset, the society attracted apart from a few pioneers in the science included Hilton Edwards and Michael many students who would go on to have faculty, was only five years old, a MacLiammoir. I remember Paul Kelly distinguished careers in the law. The Society is in good hands topic. I doubt the sherry has as it enters its second century. Celebrities One hundred years ago: society proceedings in Document kindly lent by Niall Webb.

On thinking back on my time in the are enticed to come to receive Society, I thought of those who are no honorary life memberships longer with us. Since the centenary celebrations a distinguished historian. To their The paranoia, the ego and the unadulterated hackery of it all is still there in abundance. A packed house witnessed an seems that, in many other ways, little 68th session Eleanor Plunkett - An Béal Bocht - After Work (CD) UCD Law Society extraordinarily powerful speech from has changed.

The paranoia, the ego and and honorary vice-president of the society. He Bernadette McAlliskey, a demonstration the unadulterated hackery of it all is still is chairman of Arthur Cox Solicitors. In these times of instinctive beliefs were strongly against remote communication, through various the protest due to the IRA campaign of social media, and seemingly infinite the time.

UCD Connections alumni magazine 21 University Challenge Trivia Pursued Take our trivia quiz and see how well you know your alma mater, its alumni and why they matter to the world Q3 When was the Kevin Barry memorial window first unveiled in earlsfort terrace? Q3 the science Building was the first building erected at Belfield.

W hen Louth businessman George Moore was just a boy in Pearse Park, dabbling in a few angel investments, his wee county origins are still important to him. Sentinel, 12 Jan. McBride ed. Sentinel, 25 Apr. Nenagh News, 8 Feb. Leinster, 17 Oct. Irish Independent henceforth Independent27 Mar. The Times, 1 Apr. Lefebvre, The Production of Space, pp. Sentinel, 17 July Anglo-Celt, 16 Nov. Hibernian Journal henceforth HibernianAug. Hibernian, Dec. Anglo-Celt, 25 Mar. Hibernian, Jan. Anglo-Celt, 22 Aug.

Hibernian, May Hibernian, Aug. The League sought to revive Irish language and culture, and grew rapidly, peaking at branches in Just as Yeats asserted his Irishness by incorporating folklore into his poetry, the Abbey produced plays on Irish themes, although they used the English language. In particular, the Gaelic League used song as a tool for spreading the language and sought to define and promote Irish musical forms.

The Feis Ceoil, which promoted art music rather than exclusively Irish forms, began the same year. Similar to the Abbey, the Feis Ceoil aspired to provide a more cosmopolitan counterpart to Gaelic League musical cultures. Such has been their Eleanor Plunkett - An Béal Bocht - After Work (CD) that both festivals still operate at the time of writing. Irish musical revival was not exceptional. In common with other European revivals, it was at least partially a response to transnational stimuli.

They identified what they believed to be the natural pentatonic scale consisting of five rather than seven notes which, they theorised, originated in China. The tunes he preserved were not predominantly peasant songs, but rather a high art that no longer enjoyed its previous hegemony. These efforts included attempts to define and promote authentic Irish music, addressing musical and extra-musical characteristics.

The song described a boy and girl kissing. Attempts to reach musicological definitions of Irish music also drew on eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century precedents, both Irish and transnational.

The definitions that theorists articulated most widely concerned those instruments considered authentically Irish. It also contrasted pipes with foreign brass instruments. When W. Instead of them the concertina and accordion now send the sensitive fairies to flight from many an Irish village.

Our concert halls are, if possible, on a lower and more shameless level than their cockney prototypes. The consistency with which revivalist musical culture adhered to its own definitions varied. Indeed, its inconsistency was one of its greatest strengths. Members of that society went on to sit on organising committees and adjudication panels for the Feis Ceoil, Oireachtas and Gaelic League. One questioned rigid definitions. Several correspondents to An Claidheamh Soluis complained about hearing music hall songs at League meetings.

Others combined their Gaelic nationalism with an almost conventional love of cosmopolitan European musical culture. MacSwiney was an enthusiast for developing a distinctly Irish opera, characterised by Italian and German influence even if not English. Historians in recent years have demonstrated that the Gaelic League deliberately avoided explicitly political nationalism before Feis Ceoil programmes placed English and Gaelic lyrics side by side, facilitating learning, many of which were nationalist songs.

Its competitions, too, included nationalist ballads. Concerts attracted wider audiences than language classes alone. The festival included competitions in singing, harping and piping, as well as dancing and speaking. Like other aspects of the revival, the Oireachtas had transnational influences. A GAA concert in Naas in lasted from 10pm until 6. Although most of the organisers of the Feis Ceoil were Gaelic League members, or at least shared its ideals, the Feis Ceoil and the Oireachtas had different aims.

The two were held as a joint event inbut thereafter diverged. It included competitions for brass instruments and for the performance of songs by foreign composers.

He gained experience as a church organist before training formally in Germany and at Cambridge, where he later became Professor of Music. He composed on Irish themes, incorporating Irish melodies. Stanford, originally President, resigned in protest after the committee refused to allow foreign orchestras to perform at the festival. An article from the nationalist United Irishman reprinted in An Claidheamh Soluis was unfettered in its condemnation of the Feis Ceoil: We cannot say that we recognise in [the Feis Ceoil] the ideal of our dreams: we cannot say that it even approaches the hopes raised when the scheme was first mooted by Dr Annie Patterson in the Gaelic 54 Nationalism, — League rooms three or four years since; we cannot say that it is a Gaelic festival, for a very small percentage of its features are Gaelic; we cannot say it is Irish, for but one concert is pre-eminently so, and few of the competitions either vocal or instrumental, are even Eleanor Plunkett - An Béal Bocht - After Work (CD) work of Irishmen.

Finally, scarcely one of the prize pieces is Irish in style, subject or sympathy, and very few of them the growth of the country. Such divisions illustrate both the wide-ranging nature of the musical revival and the implicit radicalisation of Irish culture.

Irish musical revivals therefore drew on transnational innovations to cultivate definitions of Irish music that were autochthonous, ancient, rural, and anti-materialistic. Those definitions were flexible and disputed, evidenced in the divergent approaches of the Oireachtas and the Feis Ceoil. Above all, music attracted audiences to the language movement. As such, the Gaelic movement appropriated English language songs, nationalist balladry, and music hall.

Far from rejecting commercialism, its employment of commercial methods benefitted its cause. In many ways, the greatest strength of the Gaelic revival was not that it rejected modern culture, but that it harnessed it.

Rather than de-Anglicising Irish musical culture, one might suggest that the revival successfully Gaelicised British musical culture.

McMahon, Grand Opportunity, pp. Ranger eds. Comerford, Ireland, p. Feis Ceoil,Dublin. McGarry, The Abbey Rebels, p. Yeats, The Collected Letters of W. An Claidheamh Soluis henceforth Claidheamh6 May Cape,p. Oireachtasp. Claidheamh, 20 May Claidheamh, 21 Oct. Hyde, Love Songs, p. McMahon, Grand Opportunity, p. Claidheamh, 29 Apr. Feis Ceoil,Belfast. Foster, Vivid Faces, pp. Kerryman, 23 Jan. Claidheamh, 18 Mar. Claidheamh, 8 Apr.

Oireachtas The Proposed Irish Music Festival. Excluding honorary degrees. Johnston and D. Claidheamh, 27 May Music, Radicalisation and Revolution, — Nationalist politics became increasingly radical after The rhetoric of rebellion soon gave way to reality.

The more explicitly Republican Cumann na mBan followed in Inthe latter with the Citizen Army staged a short, failed uprising in Dublin, the Easter Rising, for which its leaders were executed. Consequently, in the British government and the rebels agreed to create an autonomous Irish dominion, excluding the six predominantly Protestant north-eastern counties. Approximately 25 per cent of music hall songs written during the period were about the War and they were usually patriotic.

Halls also provided sites of national nostalgia and solidarity, a practice encouraged by the service personnel who swelled their audiences. The band of the Irish Brigade toured Ireland in April It describes a London Irishman pining for a girl at home Tipperary and was widely adopted in the army during the War.

God Save Ireland! Recruiters sought to harness nationalist support for the War and throw the weight of Irish history behind its pursuit. However, this view became increasingly problematic as the War continued. Music recurs in narratives of the period as a trigger for national awareness. Speaking inP. Activists often refer to music in their contemporary accounts detailed aheadboth as a creative exercise and a political symbol, but it was only with hindsight that they pinpointed musical experiences as moments of conversion.

Songwriting was important to the political careers of many advanced nationalists. These included specialist lyricists and musicians as well as those who were primarily activists but occasionally wrote songs e. Contrastingly, the songwriters of the revolutionary period were almost universally active supporters of advanced nationalism and physical resistance.

Songwriter William Rooney died beforebut he was an IRB member who contributed songs to nationalist newspapers, the centenary, and the nationalist Celtic Literary Society in Dublin. Musical composition and rebellion were more closely associated than they had ever been. For others, the participatory, political musical cultures encouraged by constitutional, cultural and radical nationalists alike provided accessible material through which to explore nationalist ideologies.

Their members, including Arthur Griffith, William Rooney and Terence MacSwiney, who died on hunger strike insang nationalist songs during meetings often in Irish. Mallin was inspired to enlist in the army by the band of the local regiment, of which he soon became the drummer.

He was a leading figure in the Easter Rising and, consequently, he was executed. The pipes, too, sounded at their best in the open air, and the accompanying sound of marching feet was most inspiring. We all felt that we could conquer the world if we were only led on to victory by such music. In the early stages of their activism, music also provided nationalists with subjects and grievances on which to pontificate and exercise political energies.

Arthur Griffith published two books in on the songs and work of Thomas Davis and William Rooney. Let those who want it—betake themselves to London and chant it there—but there it must be. By condemning it he articulated his political standpoint. For individuals attracted to nationalism, music facilitated exploration and expression of their ideology in their formative years and provided an early medium through which they encountered nationalist ideals.

It also allowed them to form relationships with likeminded individuals. Among those activists were a significant number of women. Across the UK, suffrage campaigners wrote and published songs, organised concerts, and sang songs at protests for higher pay and voting reform as a communal, morale-boosting activity.

Female songwriters were heavily outnumbered by male equivalents and, as stated, feminist lyrics were less common than nationalist ones. Nevertheless, music was an important avenue through which women participated in advanced nationalism by contributing to cultural revival, propaganda and armed resistance. Socialism, like feminism, was an important but ultimately subordinate part of the soundscape of pre-revolutionary Ireland.

Music was widespread within the labour movement; government reports on meetings of the Irish Transport and General Workers Union ITGWU during the Lockout describe the presence of bands at every demonstration. Hear ye the watchword of Labour! The slogan of they would be free, That no more to any enslaver. Must labour bend suppliant knee. That we on whose shoulders are borne. The pomp and the pride of the great. Whose toil they repay with their scorn.

Must challenge and master our fate. Its Victorian masculine language illustrates the common cultural context in which these songs operated. In its militant musical style too, it resembles British army and Irish nationalist marching music, consisting primarily of tonic and dominant chords with a simple, engaging tempo di marcia marching tempo and a crescendo to a fortissimo very loud.

It is hardly surprising given these similarities that Michael Mallin was able to move so smoothly between the military, socialism and nationalism. Socialists also appropriated nationalist music. International socialist anthems were rare. Instead, nationalism predominated.

In song, these narratives interacted with and penetrated one another. The nationalist soundscape incorporated socialism but was not overtaken by it. The emergence of radical voices, apparently more willing especially after to carry out the violence that nationalist music romanticised, was potentially problematic for constitutionalists.

The song, written by Peadar Kearney and composed by Paddy Heeney, was published by the IRB newspaper Irish Freedom in Septemberalthough in some accounts of the composition Kearney suggested that the song was written as early as There is no hint of Catholicism, but rather an ethnic Irishness.

Songs satirising the Parliamentary Party were also common. Typically, satires mocked constitutionalists as outdated and complicit in conspiracies 68 Revolution, — to introduce conscription. A election poster supporting J. Printed versions depict Mulkerns in top and tails, indicative of his music hall style.

Mulkerns thus conveys a satirical juxtaposition between the uplifting music and villainous caricature of Devlin. Nevertheless, their repertoires and performance practices were largely similar.

Rather, two factions sought to externalise one another from nationalist traditions and used individual songs to draw distinctions in a manner similar to that after the Parnell split, although much more explicitly. As the scarcity of new songs supporting constitutionalists suggests, this was a simpler task for advanced nationalists. They especially targeted recruitment meetings. It is of course possible that former rebels emphasised music in hindsight in order to contrast their own idealism with the violence of the British State.

Indeed, Sean Moylan described music not as a romanticised inspiration to the fighting Irish but as a drain on their finances and a hindrance to their military effectiveness. Contemporary press reports and individual accounts likewise support the view that, for paramilitaries, music was a popular social activity and a means through which to express nationalist ideologies. By incorporating their musical performances into those of the Gaelic League, moreover, the Irish Volunteers cemented their co-optation of 70 Revolution, — the revival movement.

Beforethe constitutionalists made efforts to associate themselves with cultural nationalist music. As the public, performative nature of concerts and parades indicates, advanced nationalists used music to assert their superiority over the rest of the population.

Sean Prendergast described the fostering of such a spirit in the Fianna at the home of Constance Markievicz: So the existence of such a place as Surrey House, with its noisy callers and its equally noisy musicians and songsters, disturbed the peace and quietude of Rawthmines. By the same token, songs were written and sung in honour of the same Rawthmines, immortalising it as a district of Britons, shoneens and castle hacks.

Who fears to speak of Easter Week? Who dares its fate deplore! Nationalist rebels used music to commemorate those martyred in the struggle. Thomas Ashe was on hunger strike in prison when he died as a result of force-feeding in His execution sparked a myriad of ballads, focussing on his young age. Frank Robbins described how he and others sang while waiting in defensive positions during the Easter Rising.

Music breached the walls, even if inmates could not. The guard on duty in his cell ordered him away from the window and to stop singing. He ignored the order. This was the signal for all prisoners to take up positions at their cell windows, and in a matter of minutes we were all shouting to each other through the small vacant space in the centre of the windows.

Contemporary accounts, however, are more qualified. When their singing attracted the attention of passersby, the prison governor requested that they moderate their singing or stop, a request that they carried out without complaint. The army required that prisoners inform the commanding officer two days beforehand, further evidence that this was a permitted means of entertainment, rather than resistance.

Multiple prisoners collected signatures from fellow prisoners in autograph books, often accompanied by song quotes characterising their experiences. Music, therefore, was predominantly a means of entertainment, commemoration and comradery with limited opportunities for idealistic resistance. Even then, the impact on morale should not be exaggerated. In his letters to his wife Kearney complained often about hunger and about being separated from his children.

Peadar Kearney can be seen in the second row from the back, third from the right. Music introduced young people to nationalist ideals and provided them with activities and issues through which to engage and develop their views and relationships.

It also allowed activists and supporters to claim space from and intimidate their opponents. As politics became increasingly militant, especially afteradvanced nationalists appropriated State commemorative rituals. In guerrilla war, they used songs and musical performance for reflection and entertainment, particularly in prison.

At almost every stage, therefore, the revolutionary movement was deliberately intertwined with the soundscapes of cultural idealism, militant masculinity and radical nationalism. Maunder ed. Killarney Echo, 14 Nov. Independent, 4 Apr. Bourke,pp. Pugh, BMH, p. Gill,pp. Interview with Val Mulkerns b. Griffith, William Rooney; A. Gill, Bean 1 11 Aug. Bean 1 Westmeath Examiner, 6 Apr. Robbins, Starry Plough, p.

Connaught Tribune henceforth Tribune14 Dec. Irish Freedom, Sept. Kavanagh, BMH, p. Skibbereen, 9 Dec. Independent, 20 Nov. Rooney ed. Nenagh, 31 Aug. Yeats, Lockout, p. Moylan, BMH, pp.

Hibernian, Sep. News, 16 Aug. Prendergast, BMH, pp. Prendergast, BMH, p. Leitrim Observer henceforth Leitrim6 Oct. Examiner, 1 Oct. Robbins, BMH, p. Living Still! Kelly, BMH, pp. NLI, William J. Gogan Collection, MS 49, McConville, Irish Political Prisoners, p.

Interview, Val Mulkerns. Kearney, My Dear Eva, pp. Kearney, My Dear Eva, p. Police and government took various steps to suppress dissent, including the advanced nationalist movement, after As noted in Chapter 1, prosecutions for the production, sale and performance of seditious music were unusual though not unheard of before Even after DORA came into force, creating several prominent legal cases involving music, convictions still remained low.

John Reilly, Thomas Ryan and George Caniffe were all paramilitary Republicans in Galway, where three men of the same initials and surnames were convicted for seditious singing. McCarthy, N. Byrne, J. Radford and P. Parle were sentenced, Joseph McCarthy was an Irish Volunteer commander; his Bureau of Military History statement stops intwo years before the arrest, but he remained active until It is possible that he was involved but not named in any statements, was misidentified, in the wrong place at the wrong time, or gave a false name upon arrest, not uncommon among volunteers.

Seditious singing, it appears, was a pretext on which police arrested a minority of politically troublesome individuals when the opportunity arose.

The police prohibited a concert in Tranmare in July because they suspected that it was covering fundraising and drilling for the Irish Volunteers. Cavanagh was present throughout the searches and appears to have mocked her investigators by saying that she had no seditious literature because she had already sold her entire stash.

Even so, the raids were short-lived. Consequently, in the eyes of the Irish public the level of censorship was rather more severe than any qualified reality. The effect of arresting individuals for seditious singing, whether a pretext or otherwise, along with interfering with concerts and actively censoring printed music, conformed to preconceived ideas of British tyranny. His arrest and trial were covered in at least 12 newspapers, largely critically. The police held, he argued, that the district was already disaffected before his performance, and therefore his singing could not itself have caused disaffection.

He also noted—correctly— that army recruitment propaganda quoted similarly seditious songs see Chapter 4. She wrote a letter detailing her difficulties, printed in the Connacht Tribune, which also promoted a benefit concert held by his former colleagues. The narrative of oppression that arrests and raids encouraged played into that view. Contrary to the claims of much of the existing scholarship, however, the government did not pursue a widespread campaign of censorship against nationalist songs.

Instead, on a limited basis and for a limited time, police used songs as a pretext on which to arrest troublesome activists, and sought to undermine advanced nationalist propaganda and fundraising. Their actions were ultimately more damaging to public relations than they were beneficial in tackling radical nationalism. Hansard, HC 5 Nov. Dooley ed. Anglo-Celt, 27 July Kilkenny People henceforth Kilkenny14 Sept.

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Shortly after the fall of Wexford, Rupert broke out of Kinsale and escaped to Portugal. First meeting of the two month negotiations commences at He was a Roman Catholic archbishop in the mid seventeenth century. He is best known for his time as Papal Nuncio to Ireland during the time of conflict known as the Irish Confederate Wars 9 during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

Wolfe Tone captured when the Hoche strikes its colours. Kearns, Saltmills. He was beatified in and canonised inthe first new Irish saint for almost seven hundred years. He played hurling with the Glen Rovers club from until and was a member of the Cork senior inter-county team from until Ring is widely regarded as one of the greatest hurlers in the history of the game. Many former players, commentators and fans rate him as the number one player of all-time.

Most of those killed or injured are Australian tourists; the dead and injured also include Swiss, Germans, Swedes, Americans, Britons and Italians. Three Irish people are still unaccounted for. Theobald Wolfe Tone was one of the founders o f the United Irishmen. In efforts to free Ireland from English rule, he had encouraged a French invasion of Ireland which due to bad planning and bad luck was never successful.

In OctoberFrench forces consisting of eight frigates were intercepted by British ships off Buncrana, Co Donegal. High winds and storms would mean the planned landing would be aborted some days later. He wrote in his journal:. Five people die while Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher narrowly escapes injury.

The bomb was planted by IRA activist, Patrick Magee, who had checked into the hotel five weeks earlier. Magee was released from a life sentence in as part of the Good Friday Agreement. He has since made public efforts at reconciliation of both communities and twenty-five years after the Brighton bombing spoke at the House of Commons with Jo Berry, daughter of Sir Anthony Berry, one of those killed in the bombing.

He then campaigns in the north. Sir Ralph Gore is elected unanimously in his place. Cavalry, in action at Staked Plains, Texas. The strike is joined by up to 8, Republican prisoners in prisons and camps around the country. Within days republicans were on hunger strike.

Previously, the Free State Government had passed a motion outlawing the release of prisoners on hunger strike. However, because of the large numbers of Republicans on strike, at the end of October the Government sent a delegation to Newbridge Camp to speak with IRA leaders there. We listened to the tales of men who had undergone previous strikes and we, who were novices, wondered what it would be like. We laughed and talked, but in the privacy of our cells, some, like myself, must have thought what fools we were, and have doubted our tenacity and strength of will.

All negotiations to curtail the strike were abandoned and the strike went forward. Poorly planned, within weeks many were going off strike, but by the end of October, there were still 5, on strike.

I did not approve of it. I was frankly afraid, but I could not see boys of sixteen and eighteen take their chance whilst I could eat and be excused. It was a challenge, a fight, and again resistance was built up……The mind would suffer more than the body. For the moment, it might appear that he has died in defeat…. Did Pearse and the other martyrs for the cause of Irish freedom die in vain? At the death of Denis Barry two years later, the very same Bishop Cohalan wrote:.

With the deaths of Barry and Sullivan drawing no positive response or concessions from the Free State government, the IRA command ordered the strikes ended on 23 November. While the strike itself failed to win releases, it did begin a slow start of a programme of release of prisoners, the State being worried about the political impact of more deaths, though some prisoners remained in jail until as late as He was a younger brother of King Robert I of Scotland, who supported his brother in the struggle for the crown of Scotland, then pursued his own claim in Ireland.

He was proclaimed High King of Ireland, but was eventually defeated and killed in battle. He also held the Scottish title of Earl of Carrick. One of the resolutions passed read: That no reform is just which does not include Irishmen of every religious persuasion. However, exhaustive trawls through church and state records give no birth, baptismal, or death certificate information for anyone called Juan Vivion de Valera or de Valeros, an alternative spelling.

The historian Sean Murphy has listed the long-term search for facts about Mr de Valera, allowing that he may have come from New Mexico, and was perhaps returning there at the time of his death. More than 80 years after they were buried in the grounds of Mountjoy Prison, the bodies of the 10 men were exhumed and reinterred in a special new plot at Glasnevin Cemetery.

Because of his involvement with the Irish Volunteers, he was jailed by the British in August but was released in November. He was jailed again in February but was released in June On 21 January, a load of explosives was being transported to Soloheadbeg quarry in Co Tipperary under police guard.

During the attack, two policeman were killed. During the next 21 months, Treacy was involved in numerous attacks against the British and was one of the most sought after members of the IRA.

On 14 Octoberhe was spotted on Talbot Street in downtown Dublin and was killed in a gunbattle with the British in which two soldiers and several bystanders were also killed. No wonder a British kill squad tracked him down on the streets of Dublin; with a camera crew in tow, and gunned him down on Talbot Street. They already knew the value of a good photo opportunity.

Although he Eleanor Plunkett - An Béal Bocht - After Work (CD) not live to see Irish freedom, he is remembered as one of those that fired the first shots of the war. He is buried in Kilfeacle Cemetery which is about six miles east of Tipperary.

Hi s father died one month after his birth and his mother moved to Warrington Place near Mount Street bridge in Dublin. Inthey moved to 67 Lower Baggot Street. He graduated in Law and received an Arts degree inbefore being called to the Irish Bar in To a large extent Davis created the culture of modern Irish nationalism. He was a protestant, but preached unity between Catholics and Protestants.

To Davis, it was not blood that made a person Irish, but the willingness to be part of the Irish nation. Although the Saxon and Dane were, Davis asserted, objects of unpopularity, their descendants would be Irish if they simply allowed themselves to be. He also preferred a federal arrangement with Britain in the s while Davis sought a greater degree of autonomy.

Both agreed that a gradual and non-violent process was the best way forward. He died from scarlet fever, in at the age of He is buried in Mount Jerome Cemetery, Dublin.

A series of state events were staged around Ireland for a week in September on the th anniversary of his death. Fort Davis, at the entrance to Cork Harbour, is named after him, as well as, Thomas Davis street, off Francis Street in Dublin 8 is also named after him.

More than 80 years after they were buried in the grounds of Mountjoy Gaol, the bodies of the 10 men were exhumed and reinterred in a special new plot at Glasnevin Cemetery. However, the reform will not be implemented in Britain and Ireland till Sullivan was one of the last of the great bare-knuckle fighters and the first fighter to win the world title wearing gloves. Bare-knuckle fighting was a brutal sport, not least when Sullivan defeated Jake Kilrain over 75 rounds Yes, seventy five in to retain his title.

The bill called for people to hand over their weapons in a brief amnesty, after which time the possession of arms could be punishable by execution. This led to the summary executions of captured Anti-Treaty fighters. No letters about the treatment of Anti-Treaty prisoners are to be published.

He is currently a life peer for the Conservative Party. He grew up in Bargy Castle, Co Wexford. He started playing flamenco guitar when he was 11 years old. In he saw Bob Dylan performing live in Dublin and the experience influenced him radically. He has since made a successful recovery and still performs shows across Ireland. A brilliant historian and linguist, he was the first professor of early and medieval Irish history at University College Dublin.

MacNeill became Chief of Staff of the Irish Volunteers — is main aim to safeguard Home Rule and their numbers swelled tobefore the split in September and the defection of the vast majority of members to Redmond. The Irish Republican Brotherhood, which wanted full independence, would recruit the remaining Irish Volunteers for the Rising.

He was sentenced to penal servitude for life in for his connections to the insurrection but was released one year later. MacNeill later supported the Treaty and became Minister for Education inand was a member of the ill-fated Boundary Commission John L.

Sullivan began to fight professionally in after briefly studying at Boston College. On 7 Febat Mississippi City, Miss. His round knockout of Jake Kilrain at Richburg, Miss. In his only championship defense under the Queensberry rules, Sullivan was knocked out by James J. Corbett in 21 rounds in New Orleans, La. Although Sullivan is generally considered to have been world heavyweight champion, some boxing historians regard him as a U. In addition, Sullivan declined to fight the great Australian black heavyweight Peter Jackson.

From to Sullivan had 35 bouts, winning 31, of which 16 were by knockouts. A hard drinker during his ring career, he later became an advocate of prohibition and delivered many lectures on the subject.

In the Liturgical calendar, today is the Feast Day of St. Gall Gallen, or Gallus, c. He was an Irish disciple and one of the traditionally twelve companions of Saint Columbanus on his mission from Ireland to the continent.

Saint Deicolus is called an older brother of Gall. Gall and his companions established themselves with Columbanus at first at Luxeuil in Gaul. Inhe accompanied Columbanus on his voyage up the Rhine River to Bregenz but when in Columbanus traveled on to Italy from Bregenz, Gall had to remain behind due to illness and was nursed at Arbon. He remained in Swabia, where, with several companions, he led the life of a hermit in the forests southwest of Lake Constance, near the source of the river Steinach in cells.

He died around in Arbon, and his feast is celebrated on 16 October. He was an eminent Irish historian, classical scholar, Byzantinist and philologist. He was shot and killed in Augustduring the Irish Civil War. Cavan of Captain James Kelly, Irish army intelligence officer who would later be involved in the arms trial. He was an Irish compositer, entertainer, recorder and singer of easy listening songs.

Collins returned to Ireland in to take part in the Easter Rising and after its suppression was interned at Frongoch internment camp in North Wales with most of the other rebels.

When the internees were released in Decemberhe went to Dublin, where his keen intelligence and dynamic energy soon secured him a position of leadership in the reviving revolutionary movement. The Dail proclaimed an Irish Republic and set up an executive to take over the government of the country. British attempts to suppress the republican movement were met with guerrilla warfare by the Irish Republican Army IRA. Collins played the most important role in this struggle.

As director of intelligence of the IRA, he crippled the British intelligence system in Ireland and replaced it with an effective Irish network. At the same time he performed other important military functions, headed the IRB, and, as minister of finance in the Republican government, successfully raised and disbursed large sums on behalf of the rebel cause.

Despite constant efforts the British were unable to capture Collins or stop his work. During the autumn negotiations in London, the British government firmly rejected any settlement that involved recognition of the republic. Instead its representatives offered Dominion status for Ireland, with the right of exclusion for loyalist Northern Ireland.

Collins decided to accept these terms, in the belief that rejection meant renewal of the war and quick defeat for Ireland and that the proposed treaty would soon lead to unity and complete freedom for his country.

De Valera and many Republicans refused to accept the agreement, however, contending that it constituted a betrayal of the republic and would mean continued subjection to Britain. As the British evacuated southern Ireland, Collins and Griffith did their best to maintain order and implement the treaty but found their efforts frustrated by the opposition of the Treaty.

Collins sought desperately to pacify the Anti-Treaty forces without abandoning the treaty but found it impossible to make a workable compromise. In late Juneafter the population had endorsed the settlement in an election, Collins agreed to use force against the opposition.

This action precipitated civil war, a bitter conflict in which the forces of the infant Irish Free State eventually overcame the extreme Republicans in May Collins did not live to see the end of the war; he was killed in ambush in West Cork on 22 Augjust 10 days after the death of Arthur Griffith.

The treaty that cost him his life did not end partition, as he had hoped. We heard the hubbub outside, there was about 1, of us, prisoners in Kilmainham Gaol. There was about seven or eight hundred men and they were all down on their knees saying the rosary for the repose of the soul of Michael Collins.

One time he was their leader against the British, then he was the Commander in Chief of the enemy forces. He is remembered for his epigrams, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, his plays, a s well as the circumstances of his imprisonment and early death.

When the outraged Marquess called Wilde a homosexual, the Irish playwright decided to sue for libel. He lost, was arrested for homosexuality then a crime and sentenced to two years hard labour for gross indecency. Yet each man kills the thing he loves By each let this be heard. Some do it with a bitter look, Some with a flattering word. The coward does it with a kiss, The brave man with a sword! The Normans, Norse and Irish all submit to him, except for the most remote Irish kings. They claim Two soldiers are killed and one mortally wounded, National Army reports three wounded.

One Free State soldier is accidentally shot and killed. She was an Irish actress, singer and television personality, formerly lead vocalist of The Nolans. She was raised in Blackpool, Lancashire, England. Belfast dies of cardiac arrest in Phoenix, Arizona. He was an Irish harpist, pianist, oboist, musicologist, and composer. He also encouraged the use of the Irish language.

Inhe was released on the condition of exile from Ireland, and he lived in Brussels for two years. In other countries it is such men only that received the honour of a public monument, but in this city there were statues to men who had served and loved England, and did not care for Ireland. As to this country, it had been held that it was treason to love her, and death to defend her.

The monuments which had been erected till now have been rather monuments of this haughty mastery of the English people and our servility and helplessness.

A favourable change took place recently. Ireland had ventured to erect statues to Moore, Goldsmith and Burke, whose genius was Irish, and whose sympathies also were mainly Irish. Though these men loved Ireland, and their memories were thus commemorated, none of them ever exposed themselves to the danger of imprisonment or transportation for life for Ireland.

There stood the statue of a man who 22 years ago, was sentenced to be hanged, drawn, and quartered for his love of Ireland. Lord was killed at Arnhem, Holland and posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions in piloting a Dakota during resupply operations. Subsequently, he was arrested and interned during The Emergency years on the Curragh Camp in Co Kildare, due to his continued involvement in activities of the Irish Republican Army. John Chester, of Kilscorne House, in Magshole, Co Louth, in a l etter to the Dublin Evening Post, states that he has a field of twenty acres of potatoes, which, up to the 3rd instant, had been perfectly dry and sound, when they were attacked by the blight, and three-fourths of them are so diseased and rotten that pigs decline to eat them.

This, he says, is the case all through the county of Louth. In the s, song collectors from the United States toured Ireland recording its musical heritage. Note: Footnotes take you to lyrics, but not necessarily to the recordings of Sarah Makem, as many of the songs are traditional. He was an Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer first for Whigs then for the Toriespoet and cleric who became Dean of St.

He was a true revolutionary and the greatest of famous Irish soldiers, who during the eighteenth century battled for France. A gallant and celebrated General, Philanthropist and a Baron, he was committed both to the cause of Irish independence and to France. A devoted friend to Theobald Wolfe Tone and a close confidant of Napoleon I, he is described as the only officer Bonaparte ever trusted completely.

Corporal Walsh recaptured the flag of the 15th New Jersey Infantry. Another dies in an accidental shooting at Corporation Street, central Dublin.

John DeLorean is a peripheral but very interesting character in the history of Ireland. At the time, the Dublin government was disappointed it could not match the incentives provided by London. Paul Hill was taken to a Belfast prison where he was serving time for murder; he was also expected to be released. Mr Maher had always protested his innocence.

Her remains have never been recovered. However, soon after the end of World War II her family moved to London, England, where she spent most of her early life and where her younger siblings were born. At the age of twenty-seven, she married Tahseen Ali Hassan, a twenty-nine-year-old Iraqi studying engineering in the United Kingdom. She moved to Iraq with him inwhen she began work with the British Council of Baghdad, teaching English. She remained a Roman Catholic throughout her life and never converted to Islam as was widely reported after her death.

Hassan joined humanitarian relief organisation CARE International inthe aid group having established itself in Iraq during that year. Sanitation, health, and nutrition became major concerns in the sanctioned Iraq; she became a vocal critic of the United Nations restrictions. Margaret was crucially involved in bringing leukaemia medicine to child cancer victims in Iraq in Her presence could draw large crowds of locals. Hassan was kidnapped in Baghdad on 19 Octoberand was killed some weeks later on 8 November.

In a video released of her in captivity she pleaded for the withdrawal of British troops. The British people, tell Mr. Prominent elements of the Iraqi insurgency, such as the Shura Council of Fallujah Mujahideen, along with Iraqi political figures such as the Shia cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, condemned the kidnapping and called for her release.

On 2 November, Al Jazeera reported that the kidnappers threatened to hand her over to the group led by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi who were responsible for the murder of Kenneth Bigley. On 6 November, a statement purportedly from al-Zarqawi appeared on an Islamist website calling for the release of Ms Hassan unless the kidnappers had information she was aligned with the invading coalition.

However, the statement could not be authenticated. On 15 November, US Marines in Fallujah uncovered the body of an unidentified blonde- or grey-haired woman with her legs and arms cut off and throat slit.

The body could not be immediately identified, but was thought unlikely to be Hassan, who had brown hair. There was one other western woman known missing in Iraq at the time the body was discovered, Teresa Borcz Khalifa, 54, Polish-born and also a long-time Iraqi resident.

Khalifa was released by her hostage takers on 20 November. The video showed Hassan being shot with a handgun by a masked man. The group holding her never identified itself in the hostage videos. The director of the spinal cord clinic she supported in Baghdad, Qayder al-Chalabi, called her loss a huge blow to all Iraqis. He believes that a statue should be erected in her honour. It is unclear why Margaret Hassan, who was opposed to the war, lived in Iraq for many years, held Iraqi citizenship, was married to an Arab Muslim and spoke fluent Arabic was killed; the kidnappers did not identify their group nor their aims.

Her family continues to hope that her remains will be found and returned to them for a Christian burial. It is unclear what role the others who were acquitted played in the kidnapping or the role of the suspect who was found guilty.

Al-Jubouri appealed this sentence and was given a shorter imprisonment. He reportedly had knowledge of an intimate detail about Hassan, known only to her closest relatives and friends, which he used to validate his knowledge of her whereabouts.

Though Jassar signed statements confessing to the charges, he pled not guilty, stating he was forced to sign them after receiving beatings and electrical shocks during questioning. On 14 Julya day before Jassar was due to appear in court for retrial, it was reported that he could not be located in the prison facility where he was being held.

He had been missing for a month. He had not appeared at any of the previous retrial dates, which led to concerns that he had been released. Jassar recently transferred to a Baghdad jail after being held in northern Iraq.

Jassar was not found after checking with both facilities. Instead he marries year-old Georgie Hyde-Lees — He was the fourth Taoiseach of Ireland, serving two terms in office; to and to Following the signing of the Treaty, he was active with Pro-government forces during the Civil War. He was appointed Commissioner of the newly formed Garda Siochana in September He is credited with building a professional, impartial police force before being fired by de Valera in The official anthem was seldom sung by nationalists.

The words of the anthem were written in and published in The Irish Freedom newspaper in It consisted of three stanzas and a chorus. A section of the National Anthem consisting of the first four bars followed by the last five is also the Presidential Salute.

There is a move afoot at the present time to replace the National Anthem with a new one. There is a feeling that the words are militant and anti-British. It has also been pointed out that the melody is difficult to play, sometimes the whole song has been played rather than the chorus, or that it has been played at the wrong tempo — this has happened at recent Olympic games.

Clare was later included in the Munster province. The other two counties Antrim and Down were already in existence. Dublin, Co. Kildare, Co. Carlow, and Co. Wexford to form this new county. This gives us the present 32 counties of Ireland. In the parish of Donegal, counties Carlow, Wicklow and Wexford meet with roughly 9, acres of the parish in each county.

At present, Ireland is a country containing two National Anthems and it is the ardent hope of most nationalists that she well end up as one united country with one National Anthem.

Charles Stewart Parnell was elected president of the league. Its primary aim was to provide basic rights for tenant farmers and allow them to purchase the land they worked on. It was built in —, and was among the first and grandest monuments erected in memory of Nelson in the then United Kingdom.

It survived until Marchwhen it was destroyed by a bomb planted by Irish republicans. Today the Spire of Dublin stands on its former ground.

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Sentinel, 12 Jan. McBride ed. Sentinel, 25 Apr. Nenagh News, 8 Feb. Leinster, 17 Oct. Irish Independent henceforth Independent27 Mar. The Times, 1 Apr. Lefebvre, The Production of Space, pp.

Sentinel, 17 July Anglo-Celt, 16 Nov. Hibernian Journal henceforth HibernianAug. Hibernian, Dec. Anglo-Celt, 25 Mar. Hibernian, Jan. Anglo-Celt, 22 Aug. Hibernian, May Hibernian, Aug. The League sought to revive Irish language and culture, and grew rapidly, peaking at branches in Just as Yeats asserted his Irishness by incorporating folklore into his poetry, the Abbey produced plays on Irish themes, although they used the English language. In particular, the Gaelic League used song as a tool for spreading the language and sought to define and promote Irish musical forms.

The Feis Ceoil, which promoted art music rather than exclusively Irish forms, began the same year. Similar to the Abbey, the Feis Ceoil aspired to provide a more cosmopolitan counterpart to Gaelic League musical cultures. Such has been their appeal that both festivals still operate at the time of writing. Irish musical revival was not exceptional. In common with other European revivals, it was at least partially a response to transnational stimuli. They identified what they believed to be the natural pentatonic scale consisting of five rather than seven notes which, they theorised, originated in China.

The tunes he preserved were not predominantly peasant songs, but rather a high art that no longer enjoyed its previous hegemony. These efforts included attempts to define and promote authentic Irish music, addressing musical and extra-musical characteristics.

The song described a boy and girl kissing. Attempts to reach musicological definitions of Irish music also drew on eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century precedents, both Irish and transnational. The definitions that theorists articulated most widely concerned those instruments considered authentically Irish.

It also contrasted pipes with foreign brass instruments. When W. Instead of them the concertina and accordion now send the sensitive fairies to flight from many an Irish village.

Our concert halls are, if possible, on a lower and more shameless level than their cockney prototypes. The consistency with which revivalist musical culture adhered to its own definitions varied. Indeed, its inconsistency was one of its greatest strengths. Members of that society went on to sit on organising committees and adjudication panels for the Feis Ceoil, Oireachtas and Gaelic League. One questioned rigid definitions. Several correspondents to An Claidheamh Soluis complained about hearing music hall songs at League meetings.

Others combined their Gaelic nationalism with an almost conventional love of cosmopolitan European musical culture. MacSwiney was an enthusiast for developing a distinctly Irish opera, characterised by Italian and German influence even if not English. Historians in recent years have demonstrated that the Gaelic League deliberately avoided explicitly political nationalism before Feis Ceoil programmes placed English and Gaelic lyrics side by side, facilitating learning, many of which were nationalist songs.

Its competitions, too, included nationalist ballads. Concerts attracted wider audiences than language classes alone.

The festival included competitions in singing, harping and piping, as well as dancing and speaking. Like other aspects of the revival, the Oireachtas had transnational influences.

A GAA concert in Naas in lasted from 10pm until 6. Although most of the organisers of the Feis Ceoil were Gaelic League members, or at least shared its ideals, the Feis Ceoil and the Oireachtas had different aims. The two were held as a joint event inbut thereafter diverged. It included competitions for brass instruments and for the performance of songs by foreign composers.

He gained experience as a church organist before training formally in Germany and at Cambridge, where he later became Professor of Music. He composed on Irish themes, incorporating Irish melodies. Stanford, originally President, resigned in protest after the committee refused to allow foreign orchestras to perform at the festival. An article from the nationalist United Irishman reprinted in An Claidheamh Soluis was unfettered in its condemnation of the Feis Ceoil: We cannot say that we recognise in [the Feis Ceoil] the ideal of our dreams: we cannot say that it even approaches the hopes raised when the scheme was first mooted by Dr Annie Patterson in the Gaelic 54 Nationalism, — League rooms three or four years since; we cannot say that it is a Gaelic festival, for a very small percentage of its features are Gaelic; we cannot say it is Irish, for but one concert is pre-eminently so, and few of the competitions either vocal or instrumental, are even the work of Irishmen.

Finally, scarcely one of the prize pieces is Irish in style, subject or sympathy, and very few of them the growth of the country. Such divisions illustrate both the wide-ranging nature of the musical revival and the implicit radicalisation of Irish culture.

Irish musical revivals therefore drew on transnational innovations to cultivate definitions of Irish music that were autochthonous, ancient, rural, and anti-materialistic. Those definitions were flexible and disputed, evidenced in the divergent approaches of the Oireachtas and the Feis Ceoil.

Above all, music attracted audiences to the language movement. As such, the Gaelic movement appropriated English language songs, nationalist balladry, and music hall. Far from rejecting commercialism, its employment of commercial methods benefitted its cause.

In many ways, the greatest strength of the Gaelic revival was not that it rejected modern culture, but that it harnessed it. Rather than de-Anglicising Irish musical culture, one might suggest that the revival successfully Gaelicised British musical culture. McMahon, Grand Opportunity, pp. Ranger eds. Comerford, Ireland, p. Feis Ceoil,Dublin. McGarry, The Abbey Rebels, p. Yeats, The Collected Letters of W.

An Claidheamh Soluis henceforth Claidheamh6 May Cape,p. Oireachtasp. Claidheamh, 20 May Claidheamh, 21 Oct. Hyde, Love Songs, p. McMahon, Grand Opportunity, p. Claidheamh, 29 Apr. Feis Ceoil,Belfast. Foster, Vivid Faces, pp. Kerryman, 23 Jan. Claidheamh, 18 Mar. Claidheamh, 8 Apr. Oireachtas The Proposed Irish Music Festival.

Excluding honorary degrees. Johnston and D. Claidheamh, 27 May Music, Radicalisation and Revolution, — Nationalist politics became increasingly radical after The rhetoric of rebellion soon gave way to reality. The more explicitly Republican Cumann na mBan followed in Inthe latter with the Citizen Army staged a short, failed uprising in Dublin, the Easter Rising, for which its leaders were executed.

Consequently, in the British government and the rebels agreed to create an autonomous Irish dominion, excluding the six predominantly Protestant north-eastern counties. Approximately 25 per cent of music hall songs written during the period were about the War and they were usually patriotic.

Halls also provided sites of national nostalgia and solidarity, a practice encouraged by the service personnel who swelled their audiences. The band of the Irish Brigade toured Ireland in April It describes a London Irishman pining for a girl at home Tipperary and was widely adopted in the army during the War.

God Save Ireland! Recruiters sought to harness nationalist support for the War and throw the weight of Irish history behind its pursuit. However, this view became increasingly problematic as the War continued.

Music recurs in narratives of the period as a trigger for national awareness. Speaking inP. Activists often refer to music in their contemporary accounts detailed aheadboth as a creative exercise and a political symbol, but it was only with hindsight that they pinpointed musical experiences as moments of conversion. Songwriting was important to the political careers of many advanced nationalists.

These included specialist lyricists and musicians as well as those who were primarily activists but occasionally wrote songs e. Contrastingly, the songwriters of the revolutionary period were almost universally active supporters of advanced nationalism and physical resistance.

Songwriter William Rooney died beforebut he was an IRB member who contributed songs to nationalist newspapers, the centenary, and the nationalist Celtic Literary Society in Dublin. Musical composition and rebellion were more closely associated than they had ever been. For others, the participatory, political musical cultures encouraged by constitutional, cultural and radical nationalists alike provided accessible material through which to explore nationalist ideologies. Their members, including Arthur Griffith, William Rooney and Terence MacSwiney, who died on hunger strike insang nationalist songs during meetings often in Irish.

Mallin was inspired to enlist in the army by the band of the local regiment, of which he soon became the drummer. He was a leading figure in the Easter Rising and, consequently, he was executed. The pipes, too, sounded at their best in the open air, and the accompanying sound of marching feet was most inspiring. We all felt that we could conquer the world if we were only led on to victory by such music. In the early stages of their activism, music also provided nationalists with subjects and grievances on which to pontificate and exercise political energies.

Arthur Griffith published two books in on the songs and work of Thomas Davis and William Rooney. Let those who want it—betake themselves to London and chant it there—but there it must be. By condemning it he articulated his political standpoint. For individuals attracted to nationalism, music facilitated exploration and expression of their ideology in their formative years and provided an early medium through which they encountered nationalist ideals.

It also allowed them to form relationships with likeminded individuals. Among those activists were a significant number of women. Across the UK, suffrage campaigners wrote and published songs, organised concerts, and sang songs at protests for higher pay and voting reform as a communal, morale-boosting activity.

Female songwriters were heavily outnumbered by male equivalents and, as stated, feminist lyrics were less common than nationalist ones. Nevertheless, music was an important avenue through which women participated in advanced nationalism by Eleanor Plunkett - An Béal Bocht - After Work (CD) to cultural revival, propaganda and armed resistance. Socialism, like feminism, was an important but ultimately subordinate part of the soundscape of pre-revolutionary Ireland.

Music was widespread within the labour movement; government reports on meetings of the Irish Transport and General Workers Union ITGWU during the Lockout describe the presence of bands at every demonstration. Hear ye the watchword of Labour! The slogan of they would be free, That no more to any enslaver.

Must labour bend suppliant knee. That we on whose shoulders are borne. The pomp and the pride of the great. Whose toil they repay with their scorn. Must challenge and master our fate. Its Victorian masculine language illustrates the common cultural context in which these songs operated. In its militant musical style too, it resembles British army and Irish nationalist marching music, consisting primarily of tonic and dominant chords with a simple, engaging tempo di marcia marching tempo and a crescendo to a fortissimo very loud.

It is hardly surprising given these similarities that Michael Mallin was able to move so smoothly between the military, socialism and nationalism. Socialists also appropriated nationalist music. International socialist anthems were rare. Instead, nationalism predominated. In song, these narratives interacted with and penetrated one another.

The nationalist soundscape incorporated socialism but was not overtaken by it. The emergence of radical voices, apparently more willing especially after to carry out the violence that nationalist music romanticised, was potentially problematic for constitutionalists. The song, written by Peadar Kearney and composed by Paddy Heeney, was published by the IRB newspaper Irish Freedom in Septemberalthough in some accounts of the composition Kearney suggested that the song was written as early as There is no hint of Catholicism, but rather an ethnic Irishness.

Songs satirising the Parliamentary Party were also common. Typically, satires mocked constitutionalists as outdated and complicit in conspiracies 68 Revolution, — to introduce conscription. A election poster supporting J. Printed versions depict Mulkerns in top and tails, indicative of his music hall style. Mulkerns thus conveys a satirical juxtaposition between the uplifting music and villainous caricature of Devlin.

Nevertheless, their repertoires and performance practices were largely similar. Rather, two factions sought to externalise one another from nationalist traditions and used individual songs to draw distinctions in a manner similar to that after the Parnell split, although much more explicitly. As the scarcity of new songs supporting constitutionalists suggests, this was a simpler task for advanced nationalists. They especially targeted recruitment meetings.

It is of course possible that former rebels emphasised music in hindsight in order to contrast their own idealism with the violence of the British State. Indeed, Sean Moylan described music not as a romanticised inspiration to the fighting Irish but as a drain on their finances and a hindrance to their military effectiveness. Contemporary press reports and individual accounts likewise support the view that, for paramilitaries, music was a popular social activity and a means through which to express nationalist ideologies.

By incorporating their musical performances into those of the Gaelic League, moreover, the Irish Volunteers cemented their co-optation of 70 Revolution, — the revival movement. Beforethe constitutionalists made efforts to associate themselves with cultural nationalist music. As the public, performative nature of concerts and parades indicates, advanced nationalists used music to assert their superiority over the rest of the population.

Sean Prendergast described the fostering of such a spirit in the Fianna at the home of Constance Markievicz: So the existence of such a place as Surrey House, with its noisy callers and its equally noisy musicians and songsters, disturbed the peace and quietude of Rawthmines.

By the same token, songs were written and sung in honour of the same Rawthmines, immortalising it as a district of Britons, shoneens and castle hacks. Who fears to speak of Easter Week? Who dares its fate deplore! Nationalist rebels used music to commemorate those martyred in the struggle.

Thomas Ashe was on hunger strike in prison when he died as a result of force-feeding in His execution sparked a myriad of ballads, focussing on his young age.

Frank Robbins described how he and others sang while waiting in defensive positions during the Easter Rising. Music breached the walls, even if inmates could not. The guard on duty in his cell ordered him away from the window and to stop singing. He ignored the order. This was the signal for all prisoners to take up positions at Eleanor Plunkett - An Béal Bocht - After Work (CD) cell windows, and in a matter of minutes we were all shouting to each other through the small vacant space in the centre of the windows.

Contemporary accounts, however, are more qualified. When their singing attracted the attention of passersby, the prison governor requested that they moderate their singing or stop, a request that they carried out without complaint. The army required that prisoners inform the commanding officer two days beforehand, further evidence that this was a permitted means of entertainment, rather than resistance. Multiple prisoners collected signatures from fellow prisoners in autograph books, often accompanied by song quotes characterising their experiences.

Music, therefore, was predominantly a means of entertainment, commemoration and comradery with limited opportunities for idealistic resistance.

Even then, the impact on morale should not be exaggerated. In his letters to his wife Kearney complained often about hunger and about being separated from his children.

Peadar Kearney can be seen in the second row from the back, third from the right. Music introduced young people to nationalist ideals and provided them with activities and issues through which to engage and develop their views and relationships. It also allowed activists and supporters to claim space from and intimidate their opponents.

As politics became increasingly militant, especially afteradvanced nationalists appropriated State commemorative rituals. In guerrilla war, they used songs and musical performance for reflection and entertainment, particularly in prison. At almost every stage, therefore, the revolutionary movement was deliberately intertwined with the soundscapes of cultural idealism, militant masculinity and radical nationalism.

Maunder ed. Killarney Echo, 14 Nov. Independent, 4 Apr. Bourke,pp. Pugh, BMH, p. Gill,pp. Interview with Val Mulkerns b. Griffith, William Rooney; A. Gill, Bean 1 11 Aug. Bean 1 Westmeath Examiner, 6 Apr. Robbins, Starry Plough, p. Connaught Tribune henceforth Tribune14 Dec. Irish Freedom, Sept. Kavanagh, BMH, p. Skibbereen, 9 Dec.

Independent, 20 Nov. Rooney ed. Nenagh, 31 Aug. Yeats, Lockout, p. Moylan, BMH, pp. Hibernian, Sep. News, 16 Aug. Prendergast, BMH, pp. Prendergast, BMH, p. Leitrim Observer henceforth Leitrim6 Oct. Examiner, 1 Oct. Robbins, BMH, p. Eleanor Plunkett - An Béal Bocht - After Work (CD) Still! Kelly, BMH, pp. NLI, William J.

Gogan Collection, MS 49, McConville, Irish Political Prisoners, p. Interview, Val Mulkerns. Kearney, My Dear Eva, pp.

Kearney, My Dear Eva, p. Police and government took various steps to suppress dissent, including the advanced nationalist movement, after As noted in Chapter 1, prosecutions for the production, sale and performance of seditious music were unusual though not unheard of before Even after DORA came into force, creating several prominent legal cases involving music, convictions still remained low.

John Reilly, Thomas Ryan and George Caniffe were all paramilitary Republicans in Galway, where three men of the same initials and surnames were convicted for seditious singing. McCarthy, N. Byrne, J. Radford and P. Parle were sentenced, Joseph McCarthy was an Irish Volunteer commander; his Bureau of Military History statement stops intwo years before the arrest, but he remained active until It is possible that he was involved but not named in any statements, was misidentified, in the wrong place at the wrong time, or gave a false name upon arrest, not uncommon among volunteers.

Seditious singing, it appears, was a pretext on which police arrested a minority of politically troublesome individuals when the opportunity arose. The police prohibited a concert in Tranmare in July because they suspected that it was covering fundraising and drilling for the Irish Volunteers.

Cavanagh was present throughout the searches and appears to have mocked her investigators by saying that she had no seditious literature because she had already sold her entire stash. Even so, the raids were short-lived. Consequently, in the eyes of the Irish public the level of censorship was rather more severe than any qualified reality.

The effect of arresting individuals for seditious singing, whether a pretext or otherwise, along with interfering with concerts and actively censoring printed music, conformed to preconceived ideas of British tyranny. His arrest and trial were covered in at least 12 newspapers, largely critically. The police held, he argued, that the district was already disaffected before his performance, and therefore his singing could not itself have caused disaffection.

He also noted—correctly— that army recruitment propaganda quoted similarly seditious songs see Chapter 4. She wrote a letter detailing her difficulties, printed in the Connacht Tribune, which also promoted a benefit concert held by his former colleagues.

The narrative of oppression that arrests and raids encouraged played into that view. Contrary to the claims of much of the existing scholarship, however, the government did not pursue a widespread campaign of censorship against nationalist songs. Instead, on a limited basis and for a limited time, police used songs as a pretext on which to arrest troublesome activists, and sought to undermine advanced nationalist propaganda and fundraising.

Their actions were ultimately more damaging to public relations than they were beneficial in tackling radical nationalism. Hansard, HC 5 Nov. Dooley ed. Anglo-Celt, 27 July Kilkenny People henceforth Kilkenny14 Sept. Developing Belfield as a green. This map features walks, trails and places of particular interest to alumni.

The Woodland Walkway was completed in and features. Our Period Houses have been sensitively restored over recent years and hold a special place in our hearts. Belfield House for example, purchased by UCD in the s, is remembered as a. All of these public works are an integral part of the urban fabric of UCD, enriching the sense of place and the physical beauty of the natural environment.

Many alumni had an annus mirabilis in We look at some of the movers and shakers. He previously worked in international arms control, and the United Nations in London, Geneva and Vienna. Dervilla Mitchell, the most senior female engineer in leading Irish consulting engineering practice Arup was awarded the Inspiration and Leadership in Business and Industry Award by the prestigious Royal Academy of Engineering in London. Applicants must be 18 years of age to apply. Bank of Ireland is regulated by the Central Bank of Ireland.

National Treasures Who are the men and women who deserve to be called National Treasures? Who are the idealists, the achievers and the original thinkers who make us proud to be Irish? Bridget Hourican calls the roll.

Life Skills to Knife Skills From a Michelin-starred restaurant to a state-of-the-art fruit growing and distribution business and an award-winning bakery Eleanor Fitzsimons reports. Eating good food was always an important part of family life, but especially for me. One Sunday, aged 14, I decided to make the whole roast dinner from scratch — that became a fairly regular occurrence. He almost took a course in hospitality, but opted for a BComm, as it would provide more career options.

I graduated with honours but could never see myself working in an office so I decided to follow my passion and took a summer job after university in Mint restaurant in Dublin, at which point I realised how much I needed to learn. I went to Australia, did a crash course in culinary arts and ended up in London working at some of its best restaurants. The day is long and challenging but customers leave with a smile and return for second helpings.

The first few years as a chef are about perfecting skills. My goal has always been to set up my own food business, and my background in BComm will become more useful in the future.

We have several international accreditations that acknowledge these high standards, including certification for our packing and grower processes. Our state-of-the-art glasshouse is designed to be highly energy efficient and even captures rainwater to.

I grew up on a farm and spent a lot of time picking fruit in the summertime. Also, as a young child I cooked a lot. I think it was one of my best decisions. Even today, when Keelings are seeking to recruit graduates — either directly or as part of our graduate manager scheme — a candidate with a degree from UCD is of great interest.

My year class reunion took place this July — I travel a lot but I was sure to make it back to Ireland to catch up with the friends I made. Cotter acknowledges the challenges facing all business at the moment but feels the food industry is uniquely placed to weather the storm. The challenge for the Irish food and drink industry is to maintain its current momentum, particularly in the areas of cost competitiveness, innovation and marketing.

He retains close links with his alma mater and last year oversaw an innovative collaboration between Bord Bia and the UCD Michael Smurfit Graduate Business School, offering 25 marketing fellowships which allow participants to be based full-time in overseas markets, working on commercial assignments on behalf of Irish food and drink companies, while also completing academic modules and assessments at the Smurfit School.

Fellows can avail of a fully-funded bursary and tuition fees and upon successful completion will be awarded an MSc in marketing practice from UCD Michael Smurfit Graduate Business School. He was chosen to participate in the Export Orientation Programme and went to Germany to work with a distributor in the Irish Distillers Group. He stayed for five years before heading for Italy where he gained experience of a business start-up as a partner in an Italian coffee roasting company.

Over eight years we grew from exporting to five countries, to The chains operating in Ireland all offered the same, quite limited thing, and good bread was hard to find. Of his. During his time at Glanbia, he has held a number of senior management.

Glanbia is a leading international dairy foods and nutritional ingredients group and employs almost 4, people worldwide across its three operating divisions of Agribusiness and Property, Consumer Foods and Food Ingredients. Little is known of the early days of the society as, regrettably, the records are no longer available. I do recall is the sheer fun of it all, the innocence of it all.

The annual Northern Ireland debate had become bland, invariably themed around the merits of power sharing or the repeal of Articles Two and Three. To their. They are in my thoughts as I wallow one more time in the happiest of memories from the best of times. Pursued Take our trivia quiz and see how well you know your alma mater, its alumni and why they matter to the world Take the full quiz online at www.

Entry is limited to UCD alumni and only one entry per person is permitted. The closing date is October 31 The Radisson Blu St. Simply send an email to alumni ucd. This competition is open to UCD Alumni only. Terms and conditions apply. Winners will be notified in Oct Prize includes one night bed and breakfast for two people.

The five star Radisson Blu St. Four Acres of formal gardens dating back to the 18th Century Magnificent Views of Dublin Bay and Wicklow Mountains Quiet location away from the main road but clearly visible, with a majestic entrance.

Our Business class suites offer greater levels of luxury, including separate bedroom and 11 feature balconies. Find out more today call us on 01 or email reservations. It was significant. I was always a scholarship. Inthe first Poc Fada distance hurling competition took place over a 5km course in the Cooley Mountains.

Contestants then, as now, must hit the sliotar as far as possible and the person who finishes the course in the fewest pucks wins. George Moore did it twice. Growing up with legendary competitions. As a young man, he worked hard at school and says academic scholarships played a key part in shaping his future.

Although the year-old entrepreneur now spends most of his days working as chairman and chief executive of his. It was also fortuitous for struggling county Fermanagh-based Belleek Pottery Limited. Moore was already running a new software company but he was never one to shy away from a challenge. Besides, he thought he could turn Belleek around.

The company employs close to people in Since then, Belleek has been rebranded from the ornamental porcelain with shamrocks displayed by your granny to everyday pottery through its Belleek living range.

Although Moore sold a percentage of targus to a private equity firm a few years ago, he remains in charge and seems to have little taste for selling it and running it as a public company. Reading material: Moore likes popular novels by detail-oriented authors like tom Clancy, Robert ludlum and Bill flynn. Something you might expect: he has a knack for anything mechanical and likes to figure out how it all works.

Once you have proven the concept, get money to accelerate the growth. Advice for students: Study the hard sciences if you can. We need to make sure there is a balance between hard science and business. Phase i will open. Science Centre. Moore explains their reasons for support. What were the issues of the day and which other well-known UCD graduates share his birth year? Eleanor Fitzsimons looks back years. Dublin Mean Time. Men and women demanded equal rights, including suffrage, for women.

Another important documenter of Irish history was Franciscan priest, Fr. Another imperial outpost, Southern Rhodesia, now. Music and drama has always formed a vital element in the fabric of Irish life.

Thomas Joseph Walshmedical. With clinical legal education now seen as fundamental to legal education in many common law jurisdictions, it is entirely. The campaign has been a great success; so far it has raised d26, with only d, to go to completion. The new Sutherland building will enable the School to realise its ambitions and to build on its historic strengths, such as its.

Your support is greatly appreciated. For more information email: info ucdfoundation. University College Dublin Foundation Ltd.

Registered in Dublin. I finished the degree by 18 and a half, then went to Blackhall Place. Law to television? I assumed I was going to be a solicitor for the rest of my life but I had no actual love of law. I was too young. I had great fun there but realised I needed to get a bit serious so I applied for the producer course and became a BBC producer and worked on different current affairs shows.

Is your legal training useful? Very useful. Much of what I do is mastering a brief. I park it on a bit of my brain for when I need to take it out again. I feel if you can get up in the morning, if you can walk, talk and be with your family you will get through this. No matter how bad the situation is, even if you have to leave the country. I went to England for ten years.

Actually, it was a good thing to do. What makes you angry? I actually love to hang out and do nothing. We always go out on a Saturday night. I love sitting down with a glass of wine. I like to relax when I can. Miriam as President. Any interest. I keep saying to my kids, 99 per cent of life is hard graft if you want to get where you want to be. You can always be — as. I am flattered and honoured, I know this sounds like PR, that anyone would consider me for it.

Nestled in acres of stunning parkland, yet just 30 minutes drive from Dublin City and Dublin Airport. This historic estate offers 14 unique event spaces for five to five hundred guests.

Mark Leech joins from Micksgarage. Director in for the past three years. He previously held senior positions in Q4 and Murray Consultants.

Gibney Communications is a leading, independent Irish public relations company and recently marked its 15th year serving clients in Ireland. With just short of 25, students enrolling last year, UCD is the most popular destination for Irish school-leavers. UCD has developed the highly innovative and flexible UCD Horizons undergraduate curriculum to promote university life as a journey of academic and personal discovery. UCD is included amongst the top universities. In the Executive MBA was ranked 54th globally.

The oldest student society is the Literary and Historical Society, which is currently in its th session. UCD runs overseas programmes in partnership with leading international universities and private higher education providers in 6 jurisdictions - China, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore, Spain, and Sri Lanka.

Quality advice is provided to the private and public sectors, both regionally and internationally, with immediate access to our experts around the globe. Our genuinely progressive approach delivers predictable costs, timescales and outcomes. You keep control of your budget and we add real value.

From household names to local start-ups, Eversheds has the strength you need. With more than industry partnerships already fostered, the Science Centre supports the the scientist.

The refurbishment of existing buildings completed Phase l. Construction of new facilities form the cornerstone of Phase ll. Forming Global Minds, a multi-million euro fundraising campaign to provide the infrastructure for this innovative plan for education, has been successful. Professor Mike Gibney, Director of the institute of Food and Health, focuses on four research themes: processing for safe and healthy foods, functional food ingredients, targeted nutrition and the sustainable food chain.

We can give them access to excellent research facilities and together help Ireland become a world leader in the field. The new Science Centre facilities will help us train and enthuse the chemists and scientists of the future.

Students will witness firsthand the avenues that can open up in terms of research, the exciting prospects offered by academic-industry collaborations and the broad spectrum of opportunities to work with international teams of scientists.

Based in the Science Centre, the newly opened Centre for molecular innovation and Drug Discovery encompasses nanoscience, food and health sciences, and biopharma and drug discovery; three distinct areas with many opportunities for overlap.

One example of a strategic collaborative environment is the complex and adaptive systems laboratory CASL where 30 principal investigators and postgraduate and postdoctoral students from nine different disciplines are located.

In many ways, a career in comedy is one of the hardest paths to follow. Most comedy is honed on trial and rejection. Comedians lie awake at night trying to think of an angle on anything that is original, true and can make people laugh. UCD has some unique venues that may well have given them the ambition to take their talents further. There was a huge frisson about who you were going to meet.

I came from a convent school, I was 17, punk was in. I met all sorts of people. I was involved in Dramsoc, societies, magazines, everything. But at the end of the day, you still have to do the essay; you still have to do the exam. I was simply a comfortable nerd. I drank and met girls and read books and had a ball. Ulysses and Finnegans Wake are scattered on the rippled sand like stepping stones, perhaps blown by the wind. June 16 inthe day Ulysses takes place, while his book of photographs of Dublin uses quotes from Ulysses as captions.

Often a distinguishing physical imperfection brings a portrait alive. Capped 35 times for Ireland, touring in and with the Lions, Bill mulcahy. With a quarter of a century of caps thus far, starting in all tests in the tour to South Africa, roB Kearney. Winner of eight caps at hooker, harry harBison. Winning 20 caps for Ireland, during the s, second row gaBriel Fulcher.

UCD golfers had a fantastic year, enjoying both team and individual success. John Greene and Stephen Walsh have recently been selected for the Irish four-man team. Bank Sigerson Cup competition in Belfield in March. The Cup victory was a first for the club, beating reigning champions Killester in a nail-biting game in the National Arena in January. The club then went on to secure the University Championship in Belfield on April 4 when they beat the reigning champions NUI Galway in the final.

The club also completed a magnificent double in May when the Leinster Senior League Sunday side picked up the. Nowadays, even the most amateur of GAA junior teams understands the requirements of scientific preparation. Strength coaches are no longer confused with upmarket buses that go to Croke Park and, in an age where there is a growing consensus that you are what you eat, there is an ever increasing focus on nutrition.

To compete at the highest level, Ireland has to seek out its talent and develop it systematically. Furthermore, there was a growing acceptance that general planning had to be supplemented by rigorous, systematic science, as in medicine, or many other areas of life. To compete at the highest level, Ireland has to seek out its talent, engage it and. The University prides itself on spreading sport to as wide a student body as possible.

Athlete David Campbell is hoping to get to the Olympics next year in the metres event. Three of the lady hockey players in the national squad are in Olympic preparation. So when farmers could not pay their rent and were evicted, or had children who could not find work on the land, emigration to America or England seemed to be their only option.

Parnell was one of the better landlords, who did try to help his tenants. On inheriting Avondale - he took an interest in planting trees, and in developing a sawmill and industrialising the area. He also like many gentry took an interest in politics. However, in spite of his conservative Anglo Irish background, he adhered to the Nationalist rather than the Unionist side.

As a young man, he was not interested in literature or history, and knew little of Irish history. But he learned. Gladstone came to believe that Ireland would ever be peaceful Eleanor Plunkett - An Béal Bocht - After Work (CD) prosperous until she had some degree of self-government Byhe had achieved a great deal of success on this issue.

But his private life became public knowledge, and brought him down. He had married Katharine Katie Wood in She was the daughter of a Liberal gentry family, but was one of many children… and the family were comparatively poor.

They had had three children but within a few years, the marriage had become distant and not very happy. Willie was not making much money, he was probably unfaithful and they had grown apart.

Katie was not a militant feminist, she woud have been contented as a wife and mother but she grew disenchanted with her husband. The old lady was fond of her, and paid for a house for her and for rooms in London for Willie Sunday, 8 October RF Delderfield re posted.

Ronald F Delderfield, author and playwright, was born in Bermondsey in London, in His father worked for a meat trader in Smithfield Meat Market, and then became involved in local politics, being the first Liberal to be elected to Bermondsey council.

His father supported the Liberals, and Ronald also was mildly liberal in his political views. In the family moved to suburban Croydon, were they lived untilwhen they moved out of London, to Devon. His father and a friend bought a small local newspaper, in Exmouth, and used it to support their political views He becomes friends with Harold Godbeer, who is a middle class man and more of a Tory, who works as a managing clerk in a firm of solicitors.

Delderfield moved from newspaper work to writing a play, in After the War, he settled in Devon and went on with his writing career. He married and adopted two children. He enjoyed country life, and many of his characters give up town life and move to the country, particularly to Devon, and take up farming.

He started to write novels in the s, and wrote many different sorts of books. In the 50s, he wrote the 2 Avenue stories, which follow the fortunes of several people who live in the Avenue, mostly working or lower middle class people. Archie Carver, the son of Jim, makes a modest fortune in running shops but causes a death through drunken driving and ends up in prison. He feels guilty about this and then takes up property development, after the War and his prison term and he and his father reconcile.

He also wrote some novels based on the Napoleonic Wars, and several nonfiction books about Napoleon, his family and his Marshals. Adam has a large family who take up various different jobs, and Delderfield can cover the history and social changes of the Victorian and Edwardian era. His eldest son, Alexander, becomes an officer in the Victorian army. His son Giles becomes a social reformer and later an MP.

On leaving the army after the Boer War, Paul turns his back on city and business life and decides to buy up a large estate in the West Country and modernise it. He is also liberal minded and tries to improve life for his Eleanor Plunkett - An Béal Bocht - After Work (CD) and supports various reformist causes. His first wife, Grace, leaves him because she is much more radical than he is He was not hostile to business, but to an extent, he was critical of "Big Business.

He died in Friday, 29 September a Band story. Its set in the 70's because country and rock music was more exciting Monday, 11 September Don Williams Don Williams, known as the Gentle Giant of Country music has died aged Another one of the greats has gone. He was a quiet shy man, who was happily married for over 50 years, and who did a farewell tour of the UK a couple of years ago. His songs were of the sweet and gentle mode of country, rather than songs about drinking and raw life Sunday, 27 August Hugh Leonard.

Leonard was an Irish writer, journalist and playwright, who was born in Dalkey, near Dublin in His mother was unmarried and had put him up for adoption. His birth name was John Joseph Byrne, and he was known as Jack However when he started writing plays, he used the name Hugh Leonard. His adoptive parents were simple people, who had not been able to have children His father was a gardener. Jack was a bright young boy and won a scholarship to a better school, the Presentation College, in Glasthule.

He did not do that well academically there, however and realized that he was not likely to get into one of the professions. He left school and went to work in the Irish Civil Service. His adoptive parents were pleased at Eleanor Plunkett - An Béal Bocht - After Work (CD) getting into a middle class job, and having financial security.

However Jack began to get involved in community theatre, acting in plays and writing them. He realized that writing could become his escape from life in the lower middle class. In his short volumes of autobiography, he gives an amusing picture of the Dublin theatre scene, of acting in drama groups Jack disliked Irish nationalism, and was an agnostic.

He gives an account of a meeting with the flamboyant and gay actor Michael Mac Liammoir He married Paule, a Belgian lady, and they had one child, Danielle. Then after 14 years in the Civil Service, he had had a few plays produced and got an offer from a TV company based in Manchester.

He left the job and moved to England. He became a full time professional writer, and was one of the first Irish writers to concentrate on TV work, adapting classic novels, writing comedies and thrillers etc. In he and his family re located to Dublin and he also began to write a humorous column for the newspapers.

He was deeply hostile to the IRA. His autobiographical writings are short and I wish he had written some more. Inhis wife Paule died of an asthma attack. He was devastated but continued to write and work. Sunday, 20 August Beds and Blue Jeans. Beds and Blue Jeans is set in present day America.

It is a sweet realistic romance about 2 people who grow into a relationship, after they've had a baby, and how they make things work. Saturday, 19 August Remington Showed us how he looked on Canvas.

Frederic Remington, mentioned in "the Last Cowboy Song" is one of the most famous of American artists. His paintings and drawings are set in the West The buffalo were being slaughtered to help clear the land of American Indians. Railroads were being built. There were ranch wars, wars between the large cattle ranchers and the small farmers who were moving out west and breaking up the prairie and raising crops.

Born in New York inFrederic was a poor student. He went out west and tried his hand at ranching but found it hard work and realised that it would not make his fortune. He had spent some time studying art at Yale, but had no real career plans. He dabbled in business, trying to run a hardware store and then a saloon. But when he married, he had to try and find a way to earn a living. Easterners were beginning to read novels and stories about the Frontier, even if they never went there, and enjoyed his paintings and drawings.

The army was mopping up the last bit of Indian resistance, and Remington went to paint some of the officers. And was shaken by what he saw of military action and jungle fighting. His style of painting was naturalistic and he painted people, cowboys, Indians, soldiers, hunters etc.

Saturday, 12 August Band story, Rough Music. He tried with heroic courage to keep on working as long as he could, even when he was forgetting lyrics. He went on a farewell tour, to give his fans a chance to see him, and to keep active until the illness claimed him. He spent several years in an assisted living facility, being cared for, as he was too ill to live at home. He leaves a wonderful legacy of films, great singing, brilliant instrumental work….

Goodnight Rhinestone Cowboy. Although I have never been a fan of the films or novels, I have read his exposition of Christianity with some interest Lewis spent most of his working life as a don at Oxford and is also remembered as a writer and literary critic.

He started his writing life, wanting to be a poet, and to teach at University. My husband was a big fan of the Narnia and other books and liked the fantasy genre —including Tolkien - much more than I did. He had a much better imagination than me and was much more inventive. My personal feeling was that that the religious aspect of the Narnia books admittedly I had only seen the films was heavy handed. Lewis was born in the North and was the son of one of the Protestant well to do middle class… Albert Lewis was a solicitor.

He had one brother Warren, known as Warnie. His father was rather distant from him and his mother died when he was a child of 9, so especially when his brother had been sent to school, Jack was a rather lonely boy.

He loved his native country and as an adult, he visited it every year. He remembered its beauty - but disliked the aggressiveness and sectarianism of many of the people. He was sent to school, a few years after Warnie but was positively traumatised by the schools.

He begged his father to take him away. He found the harshness, regimentation and emphasis on games hateful. He was an awkward intellectual child who was no good at sports. He claimed in his autobiography, to have hated the first schools he went to, and found them almost worse than his experience as a solder in World War One A recent biographer has suggested that his hatred for the English schools was more to do with his shock at finding himself in England, which he found ugly and over-industrialised, and he hated it, at his first experience of it.

He said later than it took years for his first reactions to England to fade away. Warren went to Sandhurst to prepare for a career in the Army, while Jack he had dropped the name Clive as a childfinally persuaded his father to take him away from his school and find him an educator who suited him better.

InJack who had been suffering from hill health and was utterly miserable at Malvern College, was tutored by William Kirkpatrick, a former schoolmaster who had decided to work independently as a private tutor. He was a highly intelligent manm Jack found him much more congenial and intellectually stimulating. Saturday, 8 July Tom T Hall. Tom T Hall was born in Kentucky in and as a teenager he had his own band. In the 50s he did a stint in the Marines and performed over the Army Radio.

Although he could sing, his great talent is as a song writer. He is the king of the story song, a narrative about people. After leaving the army, he had various jobs, as an announcer on radio. He got a big break inand moved to Nashville the following year.

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8 thoughts on “Eleanor Plunkett - An Béal Bocht - After Work (CD)

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  6. Lyrics, Song Meanings, Videos, Full Albums & Bios: O'Neill's March, The Star of the County Down, Eleanor Plunkett, Follow me up to Carlow, Spancil Hill, The Larke In The Morning, As I roved out, Red I The Rose, The Limerick Rake, Spanish Lady, Molly Malone.

  7. Eleanor Plunkett waltz. Also known as Elanor Plunkett, Nelly An Chuil Chraobhaigh. There are 60 recordings of this tune. Eleanor Plunkett has been added to 26 tune sets. Eleanor Plunkett has been added to tunebooks. Download ABC Four settings. 1. ABC sheet music. X: 1 T: Eleanor Plunkett R: waltz. M: 3/4.

  8. Eleanor Plunkett of Robertstown, County Meath, is said to have been the last survivor of her family. She was probably related to the Christopher Plunkett who appears in the Civil Survey of County Meath as an "Irish papist", and proprietor on the .

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